Antique Violin. Ernest Kohler. 1870. Scotland
Antique Violin. Ernest Kohler. 1870. Scotland
A beautiful old piece of Scottish History!
A Guarnerius style violin, fully restored with new pegs, new Dominant strings, new Despiau bridge, new Wittner tailpiece. Beautiful tone.
You are welcome to visit 'The String Workshop' in Mairangi Bay and "Try before you buy".
One piece back. Ernest Kohler, Edinburgh Scotland. This violin has an exceptionally beautiful sound. With its clear, resonant and dark voice which has matured as the violin has aged. In terms of its fullness and character, the sound can hold its own against many other full-sized instruments. Beautiful tone woods, especially the attractive one-piece flamed back, shape the identity of this instrument which we offer in excellent condition. It is ready to be played immediately after having being carefully worked over by Phil Whitehead.
About Ernest Kohler & Son
The earliest mention of Ernest Kohler (Abt. 1777 – 1857) occurs on the occasion of his marriage in 24 th August 1817 at Cannongate Church, Edinburgh. The entry reads:
Ernest Kohler, Violin & Harp-string-maker Tolbooth wynd, Cannongate, Robertsons lodgings 1 st Story and Elizabeth Wagner, Morrisons Close Edin., Daughter of Philip Wagner Gentleman’s servant there, gave up their names for marriage. Certified by David Wagner, Brass Founder, Morrisons close Edin., and John Buchan, Tailor, St Mary’s wynd, Edin. Children followed soon after, their issue being:
Dewlechen b.1818 Died young
Frederick b.1820 Died young
Julia b.1820 d.1826
Jessie b.1824 d.1851
Ernest b.1827 d.1858
Philip b.1828 d.1900
From a later census, Ernest (or perhaps Frederick Ernest according to his civil death certificate) was born in Brunswick, Germany starts to appear in the Post Office directory from 1823 onwards:
Kohler, Ernest Violin and Harp-string maker, 50 St Mary’s wynd
He moved to 55 St Mary’s wynd in 1825 and 29 Niddry Street in 1827 before moving to various addresses on High Street from 1828 until settling at 187 High Street in the early 1850’s. His business seems to be string making as there is no listing for him under the Musical Instrument Makers and Music Sellers category in the 1852 Post Office Directory.
The 1851 census shows that his youngest son, Phillip is now working with his father as a string maker, whilst his older brother Ernest is a metals processor. Earnest’s death in 1857 allows us to see a little of what had gone on in the past. His will dated 1851 states that his estate is divided between Philip and Elizabeth as Ernest had already been provided for earlier. An extract from his will reads:
“…considering that I sometime ago set up my eldest son Ernest Kohler in business as a metal refiner in Edinburgh at considerable outlay and expense and which I estimate as fully equal to any share of my movable estate to which he the said Ernest Kohler might succeed to at my death and therefore to prevent all disputes with my other children after my decease in regard to the succession to my movable estate do nominate constitute and appoint Philip Kohler my younger son and presently a workman in my employment and Elizabeth Kohler and Jesse Kohler my daughters residing in family with me and in case any of them predecease me then to the survivors or survivor to be the sole executors and universal legatories leaving and bequeathing to them my whole goods gear stock in trade debts sums of money household furniture and all other movables whatsoever…”
The will goes on to give Ernest junior a 10 pound a year annuity and another employee of Ernest senior, a Kenneth Campbell, was to receive 5 pounds a year. A later codicil written in 1853 reduced these amounts down to 1 pound a year for Ernest junior whilst Kenneth Campbell lost his annuity.
One thing to note from this is that Philip was employed by his father as a workman, and this does not indicate that they worked as a partnership. In the Post Office directories immediately following his death Ernest is still listed as a string maker but operating from Bridge Street. Philip is probably trading on his father’s name and reputation and this is the case from 1858-60, however in the 1861 directory for the first time E Kohler & Son is listed. Philip seems to have, remarkably, set up in partnership with his late father! A very wise business move that cements his father’s past legacy to his own future success.
In 1856, a year before his father’s death, Philip had married Catherine Slater and had issue as follows:
Frederick Ernest b.1859 d.1931
Leopold b.1860 d.1860
Albert Hermann b.1861 d.1881
Juliana Hennine b.1865
Rubi Philinna b.1869
Vica Marcila b.1874
Philip appears to have been a key to the business’ expansion and success, as in the 1869 Post Office directory, E Kohler & Son appears for the first time in the Profession and Trades Directory section under the ‘Music Instrument Makers and Music Sellers’ category. Although marked with an Asterix indicating a Music seller, this could also be interpreted as being instrument makers.
As well as selling sheet music, Philip also used the company to publish music and from 1881 produced a series of small booklets of dance music. This was later republished in a 3-volume collection titled ‘The Kohler Repository of Dance Music’ in 1885.
A magazine called the Musical Treasury was also published being issued monthly, which according to the title of issue 77, dated October 1885 would have started around 1878. The company was occupying 2 adjacent properties by now, 11 and 12 Bridge Street and around 1897 moved to 101 Leith Street.
On Philip’s death in 1900 the business passed to his only surviving son Frederick Ernest Kohler. He married, in 1897, quite late in life, a Robertson MacGregor and only had a single son:
Frederick Ernest b.1897 d.1959
The business under Frederick Ernest senior appears to have built on its earlier success. An indication of this is that it starts to take-out full-page adverts in the trade directories. The one from the 1910 MacDonald’s Scottish Directory implies they are still manufacturing as well as importing instruments. It shows a range of violins priced from 7 shillings and 6 pence all the way through to 10 pounds!
Fredrick Ernest Kohler junior was called up for service during World War 1, joining the Royal Garrison Artillery receiving his commission as 2nd Lieutenant on 1 st October 1917 but must have received some injury as he was invalided out and received the Silver War Badge on 23 rd August 1919. His youthful influence on the business starts to be felt in the 1920’s when the adverts start referring to phonographs, gramophones, records, needles and discs for sale.
On the death of Frederick Ernest senior in 1931, Frederick Ernest junior took over the business, and developed the recorded music sales even further. An entry in the Post Office Directory for 1933 tells us of the firm:
Kohler, Ernest, & Son, wireless and gramophone specialists, music instrument and music dealers 101 Leith Street; workshop and store 117 Telephone 41251
By 1937 the main shop had moved to 5 Blenheim Place, and appears in the MacDonald’s Trade Directory of 1942-43. They may have continued trading later, but Frederick Ernest Kohler junior’s death is recorded in Alnwick, Northumberland in 1959 so he had obviously retired from the business. It is not known if it stayed in the family hands or was sold or closed at this stage.